Patchwork [v13,8/8] arm64: docs: document perf event attributes

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Submitter Andrew Murray
Date April 9, 2019, 7:22 p.m.
Message ID <20190409192217.23459-9-andrew.murray@arm.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/768951/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Andrew Murray - April 9, 2019, 7:22 p.m.
The interaction between the exclude_{host,guest} flags,
exclude_{user,kernel,hv} flags and presence of VHE can result in
different exception levels being filtered by the ARMv8 PMU. As this
can be confusing let's document how they work on arm64.

Signed-off-by: Andrew Murray <andrew.murray@arm.com>
---
 Documentation/arm64/perf.txt | 85 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 85 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/arm64/perf.txt
Will Deacon - April 11, 2019, 5:18 p.m.
On Tue, Apr 09, 2019 at 08:22:17PM +0100, Andrew Murray wrote:
> The interaction between the exclude_{host,guest} flags,
> exclude_{user,kernel,hv} flags and presence of VHE can result in
> different exception levels being filtered by the ARMv8 PMU. As this
> can be confusing let's document how they work on arm64.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Andrew Murray <andrew.murray@arm.com>
> ---
>  Documentation/arm64/perf.txt | 85 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 85 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/arm64/perf.txt

Thanks! Hopefully I no longer have to try (and fail) to figure out these
semantics from the code anymore...

Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>

Will
Suzuki K Poulose - April 15, 2019, 2:05 p.m.
On 09/04/2019 20:22, Andrew Murray wrote:
> The interaction between the exclude_{host,guest} flags,
> exclude_{user,kernel,hv} flags and presence of VHE can result in
> different exception levels being filtered by the ARMv8 PMU. As this
> can be confusing let's document how they work on arm64.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Andrew Murray <andrew.murray@arm.com>
> ---

Thats really helpful ! Thanks for writing one  !

Reviewed-by: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>

Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/perf.txt b/Documentation/arm64/perf.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..0d6a7d87d49e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/perf.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,85 @@ 
+Perf Event Attributes
+=====================
+
+Author: Andrew Murray <andrew.murray@arm.com>
+Date: 2019-03-06
+
+exclude_user
+------------
+
+This attribute excludes userspace.
+
+Userspace always runs at EL0 and thus this attribute will exclude EL0.
+
+
+exclude_kernel
+--------------
+
+This attribute excludes the kernel.
+
+The kernel runs at EL2 with VHE and EL1 without. Guest kernels always run
+at EL1.
+
+For the host this attribute will exclude EL1 and additionally EL2 on a VHE
+system.
+
+For the guest this attribute will exclude EL1. Please note that EL2 is
+never counted within a guest.
+
+
+exclude_hv
+----------
+
+This attribute excludes the hypervisor.
+
+For a VHE host this attribute is ignored as we consider the host kernel to
+be the hypervisor.
+
+For a non-VHE host this attribute will exclude EL2 as we consider the
+hypervisor to be any code that runs at EL2 which is predominantly used for
+guest/host transitions.
+
+For the guest this attribute has no effect. Please note that EL2 is
+never counted within a guest.
+
+
+exclude_host / exclude_guest
+----------------------------
+
+These attributes exclude the KVM host and guest, respectively.
+
+The KVM host may run at EL0 (userspace), EL1 (non-VHE kernel) and EL2 (VHE
+kernel or non-VHE hypervisor).
+
+The KVM guest may run at EL0 (userspace) and EL1 (kernel).
+
+Due to the overlapping exception levels between host and guests we cannot
+exclusively rely on the PMU's hardware exception filtering - therefore we
+must enable/disable counting on the entry and exit to the guest. This is
+performed differently on VHE and non-VHE systems.
+
+For non-VHE systems we exclude EL2 for exclude_host - upon entering and
+exiting the guest we disable/enable the event as appropriate based on the
+exclude_host and exclude_guest attributes.
+
+For VHE systems we exclude EL1 for exclude_guest and exclude both EL0,EL2
+for exclude_host. Upon entering and exiting the guest we modify the event
+to include/exclude EL0 as appropriate based on the exclude_host and
+exclude_guest attributes.
+
+The statements above also apply when these attributes are used within a
+non-VHE guest however please note that EL2 is never counted within a guest.
+
+
+Accuracy
+--------
+
+On non-VHE hosts we enable/disable counters on the entry/exit of host/guest
+transition at EL2 - however there is a period of time between
+enabling/disabling the counters and entering/exiting the guest. We are
+able to eliminate counters counting host events on the boundaries of guest
+entry/exit when counting guest events by filtering out EL2 for
+exclude_host. However when using !exclude_hv there is a small blackout
+window at the guest entry/exit where host events are not captured.
+
+On VHE systems there are no blackout windows.