Patchwork [PATCHv8,04/10] node: Link memory nodes to their compute nodes

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Submitter Keith Busch
Date March 11, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Message ID <20190311205606.11228-5-keith.busch@intel.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/746435/
State New
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Comments

Keith Busch - March 11, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Systems may be constructed with various specialized nodes. Some nodes
may provide memory, some provide compute devices that access and use
that memory, and others may provide both. Nodes that provide memory are
referred to as memory targets, and nodes that can initiate memory access
are referred to as memory initiators.

Memory targets will often have varying access characteristics from
different initiators, and platforms may have ways to express those
relationships. In preparation for these systems, provide interfaces for
the kernel to export the memory relationship among different nodes memory
targets and their initiators with symlinks to each other.

If a system provides access locality for each initiator-target pair, nodes
may be grouped into ranked access classes relative to other nodes. The
new interface allows a subsystem to register relationships of varying
classes if available and desired to be exported.

A memory initiator may have multiple memory targets in the same access
class. The target memory's initiators in a given class indicate the
nodes access characteristics share the same performance relative to other
linked initiator nodes. Each target within an initiator's access class,
though, do not necessarily perform the same as each other.

A memory target node may have multiple memory initiators. All linked
initiators in a target's class have the same access characteristics to
that target.

The following example show the nodes' new sysfs hierarchy for a memory
target node 'Y' with access class 0 from initiator node 'X':

  # symlinks -v /sys/devices/system/node/nodeX/access0/
  relative: /sys/devices/system/node/nodeX/access0/targets/nodeY -> ../../nodeY

  # symlinks -v /sys/devices/system/node/nodeY/access0/
  relative: /sys/devices/system/node/nodeY/access0/initiators/nodeX -> ../../nodeX

The new attributes are added to the sysfs stable documentation.

Reviewed-by: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com>
---
 Documentation/ABI/stable/sysfs-devices-node |  25 ++++-
 drivers/base/node.c                         | 142 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 include/linux/node.h                        |   6 ++
 3 files changed, 171 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
Rafael J. Wysocki - March 13, 2019, 11:13 p.m.
On Mon, Mar 11, 2019 at 9:55 PM Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com> wrote:
>
> Systems may be constructed with various specialized nodes. Some nodes
> may provide memory, some provide compute devices that access and use
> that memory, and others may provide both. Nodes that provide memory are
> referred to as memory targets, and nodes that can initiate memory access
> are referred to as memory initiators.
>
> Memory targets will often have varying access characteristics from
> different initiators, and platforms may have ways to express those
> relationships. In preparation for these systems, provide interfaces for
> the kernel to export the memory relationship among different nodes memory
> targets and their initiators with symlinks to each other.
>
> If a system provides access locality for each initiator-target pair, nodes
> may be grouped into ranked access classes relative to other nodes. The
> new interface allows a subsystem to register relationships of varying
> classes if available and desired to be exported.
>
> A memory initiator may have multiple memory targets in the same access
> class. The target memory's initiators in a given class indicate the
> nodes access characteristics share the same performance relative to other
> linked initiator nodes. Each target within an initiator's access class,
> though, do not necessarily perform the same as each other.
>
> A memory target node may have multiple memory initiators. All linked
> initiators in a target's class have the same access characteristics to
> that target.
>
> The following example show the nodes' new sysfs hierarchy for a memory
> target node 'Y' with access class 0 from initiator node 'X':
>
>   # symlinks -v /sys/devices/system/node/nodeX/access0/
>   relative: /sys/devices/system/node/nodeX/access0/targets/nodeY -> ../../nodeY
>
>   # symlinks -v /sys/devices/system/node/nodeY/access0/
>   relative: /sys/devices/system/node/nodeY/access0/initiators/nodeX -> ../../nodeX
>
> The new attributes are added to the sysfs stable documentation.
>
> Reviewed-by: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
> Signed-off-by: Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com>

Reviewed-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>

> ---
>  Documentation/ABI/stable/sysfs-devices-node |  25 ++++-
>  drivers/base/node.c                         | 142 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  include/linux/node.h                        |   6 ++
>  3 files changed, 171 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/stable/sysfs-devices-node b/Documentation/ABI/stable/sysfs-devices-node
> index 3e90e1f3bf0a..433bcc04e542 100644
> --- a/Documentation/ABI/stable/sysfs-devices-node
> +++ b/Documentation/ABI/stable/sysfs-devices-node
> @@ -90,4 +90,27 @@ Date:                December 2009
>  Contact:       Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
>  Description:
>                 The node's huge page size control/query attributes.
> -               See Documentation/admin-guide/mm/hugetlbpage.rst
> \ No newline at end of file
> +               See Documentation/admin-guide/mm/hugetlbpage.rst
> +
> +What:          /sys/devices/system/node/nodeX/accessY/
> +Date:          December 2018
> +Contact:       Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com>
> +Description:
> +               The node's relationship to other nodes for access class "Y".
> +
> +What:          /sys/devices/system/node/nodeX/accessY/initiators/
> +Date:          December 2018
> +Contact:       Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com>
> +Description:
> +               The directory containing symlinks to memory initiator
> +               nodes that have class "Y" access to this target node's
> +               memory. CPUs and other memory initiators in nodes not in
> +               the list accessing this node's memory may have different
> +               performance.
> +
> +What:          /sys/devices/system/node/nodeX/accessY/targets/
> +Date:          December 2018
> +Contact:       Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com>
> +Description:
> +               The directory containing symlinks to memory targets that
> +               this initiator node has class "Y" access.
> diff --git a/drivers/base/node.c b/drivers/base/node.c
> index 86d6cd92ce3d..6f4097680580 100644
> --- a/drivers/base/node.c
> +++ b/drivers/base/node.c
> @@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
>  #include <linux/nodemask.h>
>  #include <linux/cpu.h>
>  #include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
>  #include <linux/swap.h>
>  #include <linux/slab.h>
>
> @@ -59,6 +60,94 @@ static inline ssize_t node_read_cpulist(struct device *dev,
>  static DEVICE_ATTR(cpumap,  S_IRUGO, node_read_cpumask, NULL);
>  static DEVICE_ATTR(cpulist, S_IRUGO, node_read_cpulist, NULL);
>
> +/**
> + * struct node_access_nodes - Access class device to hold user visible
> + *                           relationships to other nodes.
> + * @dev:       Device for this memory access class
> + * @list_node: List element in the node's access list
> + * @access:    The access class rank
> + */
> +struct node_access_nodes {
> +       struct device           dev;
> +       struct list_head        list_node;
> +       unsigned                access;
> +};
> +#define to_access_nodes(dev) container_of(dev, struct node_access_nodes, dev)
> +
> +static struct attribute *node_init_access_node_attrs[] = {
> +       NULL,
> +};
> +
> +static struct attribute *node_targ_access_node_attrs[] = {
> +       NULL,
> +};
> +
> +static const struct attribute_group initiators = {
> +       .name   = "initiators",
> +       .attrs  = node_init_access_node_attrs,
> +};
> +
> +static const struct attribute_group targets = {
> +       .name   = "targets",
> +       .attrs  = node_targ_access_node_attrs,
> +};
> +
> +static const struct attribute_group *node_access_node_groups[] = {
> +       &initiators,
> +       &targets,
> +       NULL,
> +};
> +
> +static void node_remove_accesses(struct node *node)
> +{
> +       struct node_access_nodes *c, *cnext;
> +
> +       list_for_each_entry_safe(c, cnext, &node->access_list, list_node) {
> +               list_del(&c->list_node);
> +               device_unregister(&c->dev);
> +       }
> +}
> +
> +static void node_access_release(struct device *dev)
> +{
> +       kfree(to_access_nodes(dev));
> +}
> +
> +static struct node_access_nodes *node_init_node_access(struct node *node,
> +                                                      unsigned access)
> +{
> +       struct node_access_nodes *access_node;
> +       struct device *dev;
> +
> +       list_for_each_entry(access_node, &node->access_list, list_node)
> +               if (access_node->access == access)
> +                       return access_node;
> +
> +       access_node = kzalloc(sizeof(*access_node), GFP_KERNEL);
> +       if (!access_node)
> +               return NULL;
> +
> +       access_node->access = access;
> +       dev = &access_node->dev;
> +       dev->parent = &node->dev;
> +       dev->release = node_access_release;
> +       dev->groups = node_access_node_groups;
> +       if (dev_set_name(dev, "access%u", access))
> +               goto free;
> +
> +       if (device_register(dev))
> +               goto free_name;
> +
> +       pm_runtime_no_callbacks(dev);
> +       list_add_tail(&access_node->list_node, &node->access_list);
> +       return access_node;
> +free_name:
> +       kfree_const(dev->kobj.name);
> +free:
> +       kfree(access_node);
> +       return NULL;
> +}
> +
>  #define K(x) ((x) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10))
>  static ssize_t node_read_meminfo(struct device *dev,
>                         struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
> @@ -340,7 +429,7 @@ static int register_node(struct node *node, int num)
>  void unregister_node(struct node *node)
>  {
>         hugetlb_unregister_node(node);          /* no-op, if memoryless node */
> -
> +       node_remove_accesses(node);
>         device_unregister(&node->dev);
>  }
>
> @@ -372,6 +461,56 @@ int register_cpu_under_node(unsigned int cpu, unsigned int nid)
>                                  kobject_name(&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj));
>  }
>
> +/**
> + * register_memory_node_under_compute_node - link memory node to its compute
> + *                                          node for a given access class.
> + * @mem_node:  Memory node number
> + * @cpu_node:  Cpu  node number
> + * @access:    Access class to register
> + *
> + * Description:
> + *     For use with platforms that may have separate memory and compute nodes.
> + *     This function will export node relationships linking which memory
> + *     initiator nodes can access memory targets at a given ranked access
> + *     class.
> + */
> +int register_memory_node_under_compute_node(unsigned int mem_nid,
> +                                           unsigned int cpu_nid,
> +                                           unsigned access)
> +{
> +       struct node *init_node, *targ_node;
> +       struct node_access_nodes *initiator, *target;
> +       int ret;
> +
> +       if (!node_online(cpu_nid) || !node_online(mem_nid))
> +               return -ENODEV;
> +
> +       init_node = node_devices[cpu_nid];
> +       targ_node = node_devices[mem_nid];
> +       initiator = node_init_node_access(init_node, access);
> +       target = node_init_node_access(targ_node, access);
> +       if (!initiator || !target)
> +               return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +       ret = sysfs_add_link_to_group(&initiator->dev.kobj, "targets",
> +                                     &targ_node->dev.kobj,
> +                                     dev_name(&targ_node->dev));
> +       if (ret)
> +               return ret;
> +
> +       ret = sysfs_add_link_to_group(&target->dev.kobj, "initiators",
> +                                     &init_node->dev.kobj,
> +                                     dev_name(&init_node->dev));
> +       if (ret)
> +               goto err;
> +
> +       return 0;
> + err:
> +       sysfs_remove_link_from_group(&initiator->dev.kobj, "targets",
> +                                    dev_name(&targ_node->dev));
> +       return ret;
> +}
> +
>  int unregister_cpu_under_node(unsigned int cpu, unsigned int nid)
>  {
>         struct device *obj;
> @@ -580,6 +719,7 @@ int __register_one_node(int nid)
>                         register_cpu_under_node(cpu, nid);
>         }
>
> +       INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node_devices[nid]->access_list);
>         /* initialize work queue for memory hot plug */
>         init_node_hugetlb_work(nid);
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/node.h b/include/linux/node.h
> index 257bb3d6d014..bb288817ed33 100644
> --- a/include/linux/node.h
> +++ b/include/linux/node.h
> @@ -17,10 +17,12 @@
>
>  #include <linux/device.h>
>  #include <linux/cpumask.h>
> +#include <linux/list.h>
>  #include <linux/workqueue.h>
>
>  struct node {
>         struct device   dev;
> +       struct list_head access_list;
>
>  #if defined(CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG_SPARSE) && defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS)
>         struct work_struct      node_work;
> @@ -75,6 +77,10 @@ extern int register_mem_sect_under_node(struct memory_block *mem_blk,
>  extern int unregister_mem_sect_under_nodes(struct memory_block *mem_blk,
>                                            unsigned long phys_index);
>
> +extern int register_memory_node_under_compute_node(unsigned int mem_nid,
> +                                                  unsigned int cpu_nid,
> +                                                  unsigned access);
> +
>  #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLBFS
>  extern void register_hugetlbfs_with_node(node_registration_func_t doregister,
>                                          node_registration_func_t unregister);
> --
> 2.14.4
>

Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/stable/sysfs-devices-node b/Documentation/ABI/stable/sysfs-devices-node
index 3e90e1f3bf0a..433bcc04e542 100644
--- a/Documentation/ABI/stable/sysfs-devices-node
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/stable/sysfs-devices-node
@@ -90,4 +90,27 @@  Date:		December 2009
 Contact:	Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com>
 Description:
 		The node's huge page size control/query attributes.
-		See Documentation/admin-guide/mm/hugetlbpage.rst
\ No newline at end of file
+		See Documentation/admin-guide/mm/hugetlbpage.rst
+
+What:		/sys/devices/system/node/nodeX/accessY/
+Date:		December 2018
+Contact:	Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com>
+Description:
+		The node's relationship to other nodes for access class "Y".
+
+What:		/sys/devices/system/node/nodeX/accessY/initiators/
+Date:		December 2018
+Contact:	Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com>
+Description:
+		The directory containing symlinks to memory initiator
+		nodes that have class "Y" access to this target node's
+		memory. CPUs and other memory initiators in nodes not in
+		the list accessing this node's memory may have different
+		performance.
+
+What:		/sys/devices/system/node/nodeX/accessY/targets/
+Date:		December 2018
+Contact:	Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com>
+Description:
+		The directory containing symlinks to memory targets that
+		this initiator node has class "Y" access.
diff --git a/drivers/base/node.c b/drivers/base/node.c
index 86d6cd92ce3d..6f4097680580 100644
--- a/drivers/base/node.c
+++ b/drivers/base/node.c
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@ 
 #include <linux/nodemask.h>
 #include <linux/cpu.h>
 #include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
 #include <linux/swap.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
 
@@ -59,6 +60,94 @@  static inline ssize_t node_read_cpulist(struct device *dev,
 static DEVICE_ATTR(cpumap,  S_IRUGO, node_read_cpumask, NULL);
 static DEVICE_ATTR(cpulist, S_IRUGO, node_read_cpulist, NULL);
 
+/**
+ * struct node_access_nodes - Access class device to hold user visible
+ * 			      relationships to other nodes.
+ * @dev:	Device for this memory access class
+ * @list_node:	List element in the node's access list
+ * @access:	The access class rank
+ */
+struct node_access_nodes {
+	struct device		dev;
+	struct list_head	list_node;
+	unsigned		access;
+};
+#define to_access_nodes(dev) container_of(dev, struct node_access_nodes, dev)
+
+static struct attribute *node_init_access_node_attrs[] = {
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static struct attribute *node_targ_access_node_attrs[] = {
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group initiators = {
+	.name	= "initiators",
+	.attrs	= node_init_access_node_attrs,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group targets = {
+	.name	= "targets",
+	.attrs	= node_targ_access_node_attrs,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group *node_access_node_groups[] = {
+	&initiators,
+	&targets,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static void node_remove_accesses(struct node *node)
+{
+	struct node_access_nodes *c, *cnext;
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(c, cnext, &node->access_list, list_node) {
+		list_del(&c->list_node);
+		device_unregister(&c->dev);
+	}
+}
+
+static void node_access_release(struct device *dev)
+{
+	kfree(to_access_nodes(dev));
+}
+
+static struct node_access_nodes *node_init_node_access(struct node *node,
+						       unsigned access)
+{
+	struct node_access_nodes *access_node;
+	struct device *dev;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(access_node, &node->access_list, list_node)
+		if (access_node->access == access)
+			return access_node;
+
+	access_node = kzalloc(sizeof(*access_node), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!access_node)
+		return NULL;
+
+	access_node->access = access;
+	dev = &access_node->dev;
+	dev->parent = &node->dev;
+	dev->release = node_access_release;
+	dev->groups = node_access_node_groups;
+	if (dev_set_name(dev, "access%u", access))
+		goto free;
+
+	if (device_register(dev))
+		goto free_name;
+
+	pm_runtime_no_callbacks(dev);
+	list_add_tail(&access_node->list_node, &node->access_list);
+	return access_node;
+free_name:
+	kfree_const(dev->kobj.name);
+free:
+	kfree(access_node);
+	return NULL;
+}
+
 #define K(x) ((x) << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10))
 static ssize_t node_read_meminfo(struct device *dev,
 			struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
@@ -340,7 +429,7 @@  static int register_node(struct node *node, int num)
 void unregister_node(struct node *node)
 {
 	hugetlb_unregister_node(node);		/* no-op, if memoryless node */
-
+	node_remove_accesses(node);
 	device_unregister(&node->dev);
 }
 
@@ -372,6 +461,56 @@  int register_cpu_under_node(unsigned int cpu, unsigned int nid)
 				 kobject_name(&node_devices[nid]->dev.kobj));
 }
 
+/**
+ * register_memory_node_under_compute_node - link memory node to its compute
+ *					     node for a given access class.
+ * @mem_node:	Memory node number
+ * @cpu_node:	Cpu  node number
+ * @access:	Access class to register
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * 	For use with platforms that may have separate memory and compute nodes.
+ * 	This function will export node relationships linking which memory
+ * 	initiator nodes can access memory targets at a given ranked access
+ * 	class.
+ */
+int register_memory_node_under_compute_node(unsigned int mem_nid,
+					    unsigned int cpu_nid,
+					    unsigned access)
+{
+	struct node *init_node, *targ_node;
+	struct node_access_nodes *initiator, *target;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (!node_online(cpu_nid) || !node_online(mem_nid))
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	init_node = node_devices[cpu_nid];
+	targ_node = node_devices[mem_nid];
+	initiator = node_init_node_access(init_node, access);
+	target = node_init_node_access(targ_node, access);
+	if (!initiator || !target)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	ret = sysfs_add_link_to_group(&initiator->dev.kobj, "targets",
+				      &targ_node->dev.kobj,
+				      dev_name(&targ_node->dev));
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	ret = sysfs_add_link_to_group(&target->dev.kobj, "initiators",
+				      &init_node->dev.kobj,
+				      dev_name(&init_node->dev));
+	if (ret)
+		goto err;
+
+	return 0;
+ err:
+	sysfs_remove_link_from_group(&initiator->dev.kobj, "targets",
+				     dev_name(&targ_node->dev));
+	return ret;
+}
+
 int unregister_cpu_under_node(unsigned int cpu, unsigned int nid)
 {
 	struct device *obj;
@@ -580,6 +719,7 @@  int __register_one_node(int nid)
 			register_cpu_under_node(cpu, nid);
 	}
 
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node_devices[nid]->access_list);
 	/* initialize work queue for memory hot plug */
 	init_node_hugetlb_work(nid);
 
diff --git a/include/linux/node.h b/include/linux/node.h
index 257bb3d6d014..bb288817ed33 100644
--- a/include/linux/node.h
+++ b/include/linux/node.h
@@ -17,10 +17,12 @@ 
 
 #include <linux/device.h>
 #include <linux/cpumask.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
 #include <linux/workqueue.h>
 
 struct node {
 	struct device	dev;
+	struct list_head access_list;
 
 #if defined(CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG_SPARSE) && defined(CONFIG_HUGETLBFS)
 	struct work_struct	node_work;
@@ -75,6 +77,10 @@  extern int register_mem_sect_under_node(struct memory_block *mem_blk,
 extern int unregister_mem_sect_under_nodes(struct memory_block *mem_blk,
 					   unsigned long phys_index);
 
+extern int register_memory_node_under_compute_node(unsigned int mem_nid,
+						   unsigned int cpu_nid,
+						   unsigned access);
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLBFS
 extern void register_hugetlbfs_with_node(node_registration_func_t doregister,
 					 node_registration_func_t unregister);