Patchwork [v2] cpufreq: intel_pstate: Rework iowait boosting to be less aggressive

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Submitter Rafael J. Wysocki
Date Feb. 7, 2019, 11:51 a.m.
Message ID <16144228.tcT5YVROcV@aspire.rjw.lan>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/720337/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Rafael J. Wysocki - Feb. 7, 2019, 11:51 a.m.
From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>

The current iowait boosting mechanism in intel_pstate_update_util()
is quite aggressive, as it goes to the maximum P-state right away,
and may cause excessive amounts of energy to be used, which is not
desirable and arguably isn't necessary too.

Follow commit a5a0809bc58e ("cpufreq: schedutil: Make iowait boost
more energy efficient") that reworked the analogous iowait boost
mechanism in the schedutil governor and make the iowait boosting
in intel_pstate_update_util() work along the same lines.

Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
---

-> v2:
  * Follow the Doug's suggestion and drop the immediate jump to
    max P-state if boost is max.  The code is simpler this way and
    the perf impact should not be noticeable on average.

---
 drivers/cpufreq/intel_pstate.c |   36 ++++++++++++++++++------------------
 1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)
Doug Smythies - Feb. 17, 2019, 7:25 p.m.
On 2019.02.07 03:51 Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:

> From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> 
> The current iowait boosting mechanism in intel_pstate_update_util()
> is quite aggressive, as it goes to the maximum P-state right away,
> and may cause excessive amounts of energy to be used, which is not
> desirable and arguably isn't necessary too.
>
> Follow commit a5a0809bc58e ("cpufreq: schedutil: Make iowait boost
> more energy efficient") that reworked the analogous iowait boost
> mechanism in the schedutil governor and make the iowait boosting
> in intel_pstate_update_util() work along the same lines.
>
> Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> ---
>
> -> v2:
>   * Follow the Doug's suggestion and drop the immediate jump to
>     max P-state if boost is max.  The code is simpler this way and
>     the perf impact should not be noticeable on average.

Hi Rafael,

Something has broken on my incoming e-mail sorting stuff, and I
missed this one (and some others).

This V2 is not actually what I was proposing. I was O.K. with
the immediate jump, but I didn't want the set_pstate step
by-passed if it was already at max because that would also
by-pass the trace sample, if it was enabled.

Anyway, this V2 seems O.K. to me. I tested it compared to V1
and, as you mentioned, wasn't able to detect any energy consumption
or performance differences.

... Doug
Rafael J. Wysocki - Feb. 18, 2019, 10:03 p.m.
On Sunday, February 17, 2019 8:25:37 PM CET Doug Smythies wrote:
> On 2019.02.07 03:51 Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> 
> > From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> > 
> > The current iowait boosting mechanism in intel_pstate_update_util()
> > is quite aggressive, as it goes to the maximum P-state right away,
> > and may cause excessive amounts of energy to be used, which is not
> > desirable and arguably isn't necessary too.
> >
> > Follow commit a5a0809bc58e ("cpufreq: schedutil: Make iowait boost
> > more energy efficient") that reworked the analogous iowait boost
> > mechanism in the schedutil governor and make the iowait boosting
> > in intel_pstate_update_util() work along the same lines.
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
> > ---
> >
> > -> v2:
> >   * Follow the Doug's suggestion and drop the immediate jump to
> >     max P-state if boost is max.  The code is simpler this way and
> >     the perf impact should not be noticeable on average.
> 
> Hi Rafael,
> 
> Something has broken on my incoming e-mail sorting stuff, and I
> missed this one (and some others).
> 
> This V2 is not actually what I was proposing. I was O.K. with
> the immediate jump, but I didn't want the set_pstate step
> by-passed if it was already at max because that would also
> by-pass the trace sample, if it was enabled.
> 
> Anyway, this V2 seems O.K. to me. I tested it compared to V1
> and, as you mentioned, wasn't able to detect any energy consumption
> or performance differences.

Thanks for the confirmation!

Patch

Index: linux-pm/drivers/cpufreq/intel_pstate.c
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/drivers/cpufreq/intel_pstate.c
+++ linux-pm/drivers/cpufreq/intel_pstate.c
@@ -50,6 +50,8 @@ 
 #define int_tofp(X) ((int64_t)(X) << FRAC_BITS)
 #define fp_toint(X) ((X) >> FRAC_BITS)
 
+#define ONE_EIGHTH_FP ((int64_t)1 << (FRAC_BITS - 3))
+
 #define EXT_BITS 6
 #define EXT_FRAC_BITS (EXT_BITS + FRAC_BITS)
 #define fp_ext_toint(X) ((X) >> EXT_FRAC_BITS)
@@ -1679,17 +1681,14 @@  static inline int32_t get_avg_pstate(str
 static inline int32_t get_target_pstate(struct cpudata *cpu)
 {
 	struct sample *sample = &cpu->sample;
-	int32_t busy_frac, boost;
+	int32_t busy_frac;
 	int target, avg_pstate;
 
 	busy_frac = div_fp(sample->mperf << cpu->aperf_mperf_shift,
 			   sample->tsc);
 
-	boost = cpu->iowait_boost;
-	cpu->iowait_boost >>= 1;
-
-	if (busy_frac < boost)
-		busy_frac = boost;
+	if (busy_frac < cpu->iowait_boost)
+		busy_frac = cpu->iowait_boost;
 
 	sample->busy_scaled = busy_frac * 100;
 
@@ -1768,29 +1767,30 @@  static void intel_pstate_update_util(str
 	if (smp_processor_id() != cpu->cpu)
 		return;
 
+	delta_ns = time - cpu->last_update;
 	if (flags & SCHED_CPUFREQ_IOWAIT) {
-		cpu->iowait_boost = int_tofp(1);
-		cpu->last_update = time;
-		/*
-		 * The last time the busy was 100% so P-state was max anyway
-		 * so avoid overhead of computation.
-		 */
-		if (fp_toint(cpu->sample.busy_scaled) == 100)
-			return;
-
-		goto set_pstate;
+		/* Start over if the CPU may have been idle. */
+		if (delta_ns > TICK_NSEC) {
+			cpu->iowait_boost = ONE_EIGHTH_FP;
+		} else if (cpu->iowait_boost) {
+			cpu->iowait_boost <<= 1;
+			if (cpu->iowait_boost > int_tofp(1))
+				cpu->iowait_boost = int_tofp(1);
+		} else {
+			cpu->iowait_boost = ONE_EIGHTH_FP;
+		}
 	} else if (cpu->iowait_boost) {
 		/* Clear iowait_boost if the CPU may have been idle. */
-		delta_ns = time - cpu->last_update;
 		if (delta_ns > TICK_NSEC)
 			cpu->iowait_boost = 0;
+		else
+			cpu->iowait_boost >>= 1;
 	}
 	cpu->last_update = time;
 	delta_ns = time - cpu->sample.time;
 	if ((s64)delta_ns < INTEL_PSTATE_SAMPLING_INTERVAL)
 		return;
 
-set_pstate:
 	if (intel_pstate_sample(cpu, time))
 		intel_pstate_adjust_pstate(cpu);
 }