Patchwork [4/6] arm64: add sysfs vulnerability show for spectre v2

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Submitter Jeremy Linton
Date Dec. 6, 2018, 11:44 p.m.
Message ID <20181206234408.1287689-5-jeremy.linton@arm.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/674845/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Jeremy Linton - Dec. 6, 2018, 11:44 p.m.
Add code to track whether all the cores in the machine are
vulnerable, and whether all the vulnerable cores have been
mitigated.

Once we have that information we can add the sysfs stub and
provide an accurate view of what is known about the machine.

Signed-off-by: Jeremy Linton <jeremy.linton@arm.com>
---
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c | 72 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 67 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
Julien Thierry - Dec. 13, 2018, 11:09 a.m.
On 06/12/2018 23:44, Jeremy Linton wrote:
> Add code to track whether all the cores in the machine are
> vulnerable, and whether all the vulnerable cores have been
> mitigated.
> 
> Once we have that information we can add the sysfs stub and
> provide an accurate view of what is known about the machine.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Jeremy Linton <jeremy.linton@arm.com>
> ---
>  arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c | 72 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
>  1 file changed, 67 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
> index 559ecdee6fd2..6505c93d507e 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c

[...]

> @@ -766,4 +812,20 @@ ssize_t cpu_show_spectre_v1(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
>  	return sprintf(buf, "Mitigation: __user pointer sanitization\n");
>  }
>  
> +ssize_t cpu_show_spectre_v2(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
> +		char *buf)
> +{
> +	switch (__spectrev2_safe) {
> +	case A64_SV2_SAFE:
> +		return sprintf(buf, "Not affected\n");
> +	case A64_SV2_UNSAFE:
> +		if (__hardenbp_enab == A64_HBP_MIT)
> +			return sprintf(buf,
> +				"Mitigation: Branch predictor hardening\n");
> +		return sprintf(buf, "Vulnerable\n");
> +	default:
> +		return sprintf(buf, "Unknown\n");
> +	}

Again I see that we are going to display "Unknown" when the mitigation
is not built in.

Couldn't we make that CONFIG_GENERIC_CPU_VULNERABILITIES check whether a
CPU is vulnerable or not even if the mitigation is not implemented? It's
just checking the list of MIDRs.

Thanks,

Patch

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
index 559ecdee6fd2..6505c93d507e 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
@@ -109,6 +109,11 @@  cpu_enable_trap_ctr_access(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *__unused)
 
 atomic_t arm64_el2_vector_last_slot = ATOMIC_INIT(-1);
 
+#if defined(CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR) || defined(CONFIG_GENERIC_CPU_VULNERABILITIES)
+/* Track overall mitigation state. We are only mitigated if all cores are ok */
+static enum { A64_HBP_UNSET, A64_HBP_MIT, A64_HBP_NOTMIT } __hardenbp_enab = A64_HBP_UNSET;
+#endif
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR
 #include <asm/mmu_context.h>
 #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
@@ -231,15 +236,19 @@  enable_smccc_arch_workaround_1(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry)
 	if (!entry->matches(entry, SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU))
 		return;
 
-	if (psci_ops.smccc_version == SMCCC_VERSION_1_0)
+	if (psci_ops.smccc_version == SMCCC_VERSION_1_0) {
+		__hardenbp_enab = A64_HBP_NOTMIT;
 		return;
+	}
 
 	switch (psci_ops.conduit) {
 	case PSCI_CONDUIT_HVC:
 		arm_smccc_1_1_hvc(ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_FEATURES_FUNC_ID,
 				  ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_1, &res);
-		if ((int)res.a0 < 0)
+		if ((int)res.a0 < 0) {
+			__hardenbp_enab = A64_HBP_NOTMIT;
 			return;
+		}
 		cb = call_hvc_arch_workaround_1;
 		/* This is a guest, no need to patch KVM vectors */
 		smccc_start = NULL;
@@ -249,14 +258,17 @@  enable_smccc_arch_workaround_1(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry)
 	case PSCI_CONDUIT_SMC:
 		arm_smccc_1_1_smc(ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_FEATURES_FUNC_ID,
 				  ARM_SMCCC_ARCH_WORKAROUND_1, &res);
-		if ((int)res.a0 < 0)
+		if ((int)res.a0 < 0) {
+			__hardenbp_enab = A64_HBP_NOTMIT;
 			return;
+		}
 		cb = call_smc_arch_workaround_1;
 		smccc_start = __smccc_workaround_1_smc_start;
 		smccc_end = __smccc_workaround_1_smc_end;
 		break;
 
 	default:
+		__hardenbp_enab = A64_HBP_NOTMIT;
 		return;
 	}
 
@@ -266,6 +278,9 @@  enable_smccc_arch_workaround_1(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry)
 
 	install_bp_hardening_cb(entry, cb, smccc_start, smccc_end);
 
+	if (__hardenbp_enab == A64_HBP_UNSET)
+		__hardenbp_enab = A64_HBP_MIT;
+
 	return;
 }
 #endif	/* CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR */
@@ -539,7 +554,36 @@  multi_entry_cap_cpu_enable(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry)
 			caps->cpu_enable(caps);
 }
 
-#ifdef CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR
+#if defined(CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR) || \
+	defined(CONFIG_GENERIC_CPU_VULNERABILITIES)
+
+static enum { A64_SV2_UNSET, A64_SV2_SAFE, A64_SV2_UNSAFE } __spectrev2_safe = A64_SV2_UNSET;
+
+/*
+ * Track overall bp hardening for all heterogeneous cores in the machine.
+ * We are only considered "safe" if all booted cores are known safe.
+ */
+static bool __maybe_unused
+check_branch_predictor(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry, int scope)
+{
+	bool is_vul;
+	bool has_csv2;
+	u64 pfr0;
+
+	WARN_ON(scope != SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU || preemptible());
+
+	is_vul = is_midr_in_range_list(read_cpuid_id(), entry->midr_range_list);
+
+	pfr0 = read_cpuid(ID_AA64PFR0_EL1);
+	has_csv2 = cpuid_feature_extract_unsigned_field(pfr0, ID_AA64PFR0_CSV2_SHIFT);
+
+	if (is_vul)
+		__spectrev2_safe = A64_SV2_UNSAFE;
+	else if (__spectrev2_safe == A64_SV2_UNSET && has_csv2)
+		__spectrev2_safe = A64_SV2_SAFE;
+
+	return is_vul;
+}
 
 /*
  * List of CPUs where we need to issue a psci call to
@@ -728,7 +772,9 @@  const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_errata[] = {
 	{
 		.capability = ARM64_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR,
 		.cpu_enable = enable_smccc_arch_workaround_1,
-		ERRATA_MIDR_RANGE_LIST(arm64_bp_harden_smccc_cpus),
+		.type = ARM64_CPUCAP_LOCAL_CPU_ERRATUM,
+		.matches = check_branch_predictor,
+		.midr_range_list = arm64_bp_harden_smccc_cpus,
 	},
 #endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_HARDEN_EL2_VECTORS
@@ -766,4 +812,20 @@  ssize_t cpu_show_spectre_v1(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
 	return sprintf(buf, "Mitigation: __user pointer sanitization\n");
 }
 
+ssize_t cpu_show_spectre_v2(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
+		char *buf)
+{
+	switch (__spectrev2_safe) {
+	case A64_SV2_SAFE:
+		return sprintf(buf, "Not affected\n");
+	case A64_SV2_UNSAFE:
+		if (__hardenbp_enab == A64_HBP_MIT)
+			return sprintf(buf,
+				"Mitigation: Branch predictor hardening\n");
+		return sprintf(buf, "Vulnerable\n");
+	default:
+		return sprintf(buf, "Unknown\n");
+	}
+}
+
 #endif