Patchwork [dpdk-dev,5/5] vhost: remove useless casts to volatile

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Submitter Maxime Coquelin
Date Dec. 5, 2018, 9:49 a.m.
Message ID <20181205094957.1938-6-maxime.coquelin@redhat.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/672779/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Maxime Coquelin - Dec. 5, 2018, 9:49 a.m.
Cast to volatile is done when reading avail index and writing
the used index. This would not be necessary if proper barriers
are used.

Now that the read barrier has been added, we can remove these
cast to volatile.

Signed-off-by: Maxime Coquelin <maxime.coquelin@redhat.com>
---
 lib/librte_vhost/virtio_net.c | 7 +++----
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
Ilya Maximets - Dec. 5, 2018, 1:52 p.m.
On 05.12.2018 12:49, Maxime Coquelin wrote:
> Cast to volatile is done when reading avail index and writing
> the used index. This would not be necessary if proper barriers
> are used.

'volatile' and barriers are not really connected. 'volatile' is
the disabling of the compiler optimizations, while barriers are
for runtime CPU level optimizations. In general, casts here made
to force compiler to actually read the value and not cache it
somehow. In fact that vhost library never writes to avail index,
"very smart" compiler could drop it at all. None of modern compilers
will do that for a single operation within a function, so,
volatiles are not really necessary in current code, but they could
save some nerves in case of code/compiler changes.

OTOH, IMHO, the main purpose of the casts in current code is
the self-documenting. Casts forces to pay special attention to
these variables and reminds that they could be updated in other
process. Casts allows to understand which variables are local and
which are shared. I don't think that we should remove them anyway.

> 
> Now that the read barrier has been added, we can remove these
> cast to volatile.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Maxime Coquelin <maxime.coquelin@redhat.com>
> ---
>  lib/librte_vhost/virtio_net.c | 7 +++----
>  1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/lib/librte_vhost/virtio_net.c b/lib/librte_vhost/virtio_net.c
> index 679ce388b..eab1a5b4c 100644
> --- a/lib/librte_vhost/virtio_net.c
> +++ b/lib/librte_vhost/virtio_net.c
> @@ -114,7 +114,7 @@ flush_shadow_used_ring_split(struct virtio_net *dev, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
>  
>  	vhost_log_cache_sync(dev, vq);
>  
> -	*(volatile uint16_t *)&vq->used->idx += vq->shadow_used_idx;
> +	vq->used->idx += vq->shadow_used_idx;
>  	vq->shadow_used_idx = 0;
>  	vhost_log_used_vring(dev, vq, offsetof(struct vring_used, idx),
>  		sizeof(vq->used->idx));
> @@ -794,7 +794,7 @@ virtio_dev_rx_split(struct virtio_net *dev, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
>  	struct buf_vector buf_vec[BUF_VECTOR_MAX];
>  	uint16_t avail_head;
>  
> -	avail_head = *((volatile uint16_t *)&vq->avail->idx);
> +	avail_head = vq->avail->idx;
>  
>  	/*
>  	 * The ordering between avail index and
> @@ -1379,8 +1379,7 @@ virtio_dev_tx_split(struct virtio_net *dev, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
>  		}
>  	}
>  
> -	free_entries = *((volatile uint16_t *)&vq->avail->idx) -
> -			vq->last_avail_idx;
> +	free_entries = vq->avail->idx - vq->last_avail_idx;
>  	if (free_entries == 0)
>  		return 0;
>  
> 
>
Maxime Coquelin - Dec. 6, 2018, 4:59 p.m.
Hi Ilya,

On 12/5/18 2:52 PM, Ilya Maximets wrote:
> On 05.12.2018 12:49, Maxime Coquelin wrote:
>> Cast to volatile is done when reading avail index and writing
>> the used index. This would not be necessary if proper barriers
>> are used.
> 
> 'volatile' and barriers are not really connected. 'volatile' is
> the disabling of the compiler optimizations, while barriers are
> for runtime CPU level optimizations. In general, casts here made
> to force compiler to actually read the value and not cache it
> somehow. In fact that vhost library never writes to avail index,
> "very smart" compiler could drop it at all. None of modern compilers
> will do that for a single operation within a function, so,
> volatiles are not really necessary in current code, but they could
> save some nerves in case of code/compiler changes.

Ok, thanks for the explanation.
Why don't we do the same in Virtio PMD?

> OTOH, IMHO, the main purpose of the casts in current code is
> the self-documenting. Casts forces to pay special attention to
> these variables and reminds that they could be updated in other
> process. Casts allows to understand which variables are local and
> which are shared. I don't think that we should remove them anyway.

It is not only self-documenting, it has an impact on generated code:

>>
>> Now that the read barrier has been added, we can remove these
>> cast to volatile.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Maxime Coquelin <maxime.coquelin@redhat.com>
>> ---
>>   lib/librte_vhost/virtio_net.c | 7 +++----
>>   1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/lib/librte_vhost/virtio_net.c b/lib/librte_vhost/virtio_net.c
>> index 679ce388b..eab1a5b4c 100644
>> --- a/lib/librte_vhost/virtio_net.c
>> +++ b/lib/librte_vhost/virtio_net.c
>> @@ -114,7 +114,7 @@ flush_shadow_used_ring_split(struct virtio_net *dev, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
>>   
>>   	vhost_log_cache_sync(dev, vq);
>>   
>> -	*(volatile uint16_t *)&vq->used->idx += vq->shadow_used_idx;
>> +	vq->used->idx += vq->shadow_used_idx;

With cast to volatile:
	*(volatile uint16_t *)&vq->used->idx += vq->shadow_used_idx;
     35f8:	49 8b 53 10          	mov    0x10(%r11),%rdx
	vq->shadow_used_idx = 0;
     35fc:	31 db                	xor    %ebx,%ebx
	*(volatile uint16_t *)&vq->used->idx += vq->shadow_used_idx;
     35fe:	0f b7 42 02          	movzwl 0x2(%rdx),%eax
     3602:	66 41 03 43 70       	add    0x70(%r11),%ax
     3607:	66 89 42 02          	mov    %ax,0x2(%rdx)
	vq->shadow_used_idx = 0;

Without it:
	vq->used->idx += vq->shadow_used_idx;
     35f8:	49 8b 43 10          	mov    0x10(%r11),%rax
     35fc:	41 0f b7 53 70       	movzwl 0x70(%r11),%edx
	vq->shadow_used_idx = 0;
     3601:	31 db                	xor    %ebx,%ebx
	vq->used->idx += vq->shadow_used_idx;
     3603:	66 01 50 02          	add    %dx,0x2(%rax)
	vq->shadow_used_idx = 0;

If my understanding is correct there is no functional change, but we 
save one instruction by removing the cast to volatile.

Thanks,
Maxime

Patch

diff --git a/lib/librte_vhost/virtio_net.c b/lib/librte_vhost/virtio_net.c
index 679ce388b..eab1a5b4c 100644
--- a/lib/librte_vhost/virtio_net.c
+++ b/lib/librte_vhost/virtio_net.c
@@ -114,7 +114,7 @@  flush_shadow_used_ring_split(struct virtio_net *dev, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq)
 
 	vhost_log_cache_sync(dev, vq);
 
-	*(volatile uint16_t *)&vq->used->idx += vq->shadow_used_idx;
+	vq->used->idx += vq->shadow_used_idx;
 	vq->shadow_used_idx = 0;
 	vhost_log_used_vring(dev, vq, offsetof(struct vring_used, idx),
 		sizeof(vq->used->idx));
@@ -794,7 +794,7 @@  virtio_dev_rx_split(struct virtio_net *dev, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
 	struct buf_vector buf_vec[BUF_VECTOR_MAX];
 	uint16_t avail_head;
 
-	avail_head = *((volatile uint16_t *)&vq->avail->idx);
+	avail_head = vq->avail->idx;
 
 	/*
 	 * The ordering between avail index and
@@ -1379,8 +1379,7 @@  virtio_dev_tx_split(struct virtio_net *dev, struct vhost_virtqueue *vq,
 		}
 	}
 
-	free_entries = *((volatile uint16_t *)&vq->avail->idx) -
-			vq->last_avail_idx;
+	free_entries = vq->avail->idx - vq->last_avail_idx;
 	if (free_entries == 0)
 		return 0;